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What is IRS Form 1099-C?

June 7th, 2013 No comments

IRS Form 1099-C is used by creditors (such as the federal government, banks or other financial institutions, credit card companies, or credit unions) to report debts that are cancelled to debtors that exceed $600.

The debtor is required to include this amount as income. If the debtor had a debt written off and did not receive a 1099-C form, it is likely that the form was still reported to the IRS, and the creditor should be notified.

Not every type of forgiven debt is considered to be taxable by the IRS.  Although a 1099-C form is still required to be submitted to the IRS by creditors for all debts written off that exceed $600, the debtor in some situations is not required to report the cancelled debt as income.

For example, the Mortgage Forgiveness Debt Relief Act of 2007 allows certain exemptions for reporting forgiven debt relating to foreclosed homes.  If the cancelled debt was intended to be a gift, the debtor is not required to report it as income.  Any debt that was discharged in a Chapter 11 bankruptcy would be excluded from reporting requirements.  If you are insolvent, or if your debts exceed the value of your assets before the creditor agreed to write off your debt, you are not required to report that cancelled debt as income on your tax return.

1099-C forms are required to be submitted to the debtor by January 31.  The deadline for paper filing to the IRS is typically the end of February.  If you decide to efile, you have an additional month to submit the data; the deadline for efiling is typing the end of March.  You can request an 30-day extension online taking the due date to the end of April.

1099-C software at creates original, replacement and corrected files in the format required by the IRS for electronic transmission. The system is updated each year to reflect the format changes that are made by the IRS.

You can file electronically whether you have just one information return or millions.  The IRS encourages everyone to file electronically and requires businesses with more than 250 information returns to electronically file.

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